Personal Protection and Awareness

by Bruce Felton

Early in December, Dayton police officer and Ohio Crime Prevention Association President Chris Pawelski came to Solon to conduct a presentation on Personal Safety and the “Run, Hide, Fight” strategy for mass murder situations.  It was an excellent seminar in both content and delivery, and everyone in attendance seemed to benefit.  Listening to Officer Pawelski speak about the two topics caused me to ponder what has changed in the past several years, and what has not.

In the late 1990’s Patrolman Jason Bender and I began conducting a series of self-defense clinics together, working with women to create their own unique plans to prevent and, int the event of an attack, craft a response.  For my part, I quickly became aware of just how women in our society are victimized, largely by people they know and too often by are intimate partners.  We taught about prevention, what to look for and how to be vigilant, and how to physically react in the event of an attack.  We taught several classes over the years, and in every class there were women who had already been victims. Sadly, this is one of the things that has not changed; women are still victimized in a multitude of ways, physically and emotionally.  Recent publicity surrounding women who have come forward to reveal their victimization by men in positions of power are a reminder of the depth and scope of this problem.

Something that has changed is equally troubling.  Shortly after we began teaching these classes, the mass murder in Columbine occurred.  It was not the first mass killing of this nature, but was certainly one of the more disturbing and publicized crimes in modern history.  Sadly, these sort of senseless events continue today, and those responsible are determined to increase the devastation left in their wake, in some bizarre attempt to achieve notoriety, to forever link their name to violent moment in time.

Finally, terrorism has become a familiar term for those in our society.  Certainly, terrorism has been a tactic used by fanatics for centuries, but on 9-11 it took on a whole new meaning for us with the realization that we were not immune to massive terrorist operations on our own soil.  While we have been spared an attack of that scale, those responsible for spreading terror have shown remarkable tenacity and creativity in their attempts to harm us on our own land.  The same people who show a proclivity towards active killing are being targeted through social media to carry out attacks here.  Known as “Lone Wolves,” these individuals have a desire to commit violent acts against others and, triggered by radicalization through social media, present a new danger as solitary terrorists.

Looking back, the common thread through all of this is and has always been violent behavior (and yes, the coercive behavior by men in power against women is absolutely a form of violence).

While there are many aspects to consider, and numerous conversations that should be had about all of these subjects, one of the most immediate and personally achievable goals is developing a day-to-day self awareness.  Having a better understanding of violent behavior and the signs that violent behavior is imminent, (pre-incident indicators), trusting your instincts, and “living in the now” can go a long way to making you and your loved ones safer.  An excellent book on this subject, and one that everyone should read, is The Gift of Fear by Gavin De Becker. In this book, De Becker explores violent behavior and goes in-depth about how to identify indicators that may signal violent behavior is going to occur.  The book Left of Bang by Patrick Van Horne is a great follow up.  Based on the U.S. Marine Corps Combat Hunter Program, this book helps individuals develop situational awareness skills that can be used in any environment.

Despite the prevalence of media stories about random acts of violence, these acts are still, relatively speaking, rare.  That they are random is perhaps the most alarming part because that makes them unpredictable.  This does not make us helpless, nor should we feel powerless.  Don’t try to predict when or where violence may occur: Establish your own baseline readiness; be aware, be vigilant, be purposeful and, above all, have a plan.



A new old problem

By Jay Bender

Much of what we see in life is cyclical. Trends catch on, die out and experience resurgence. Some of that resurgence is tragic.

When I began working for the Solon Police Department in the early 1990’s, crack cocaine was the illegal drug constantly in the headlines. Heroin was around, but it was not common, certainly not as “popular” as it had been during the 1970’s and into the ’80’s. As we entered the 21st Century, methamphetamine use began to spread, in part because it can be manufactured in homemade labs. And now, heroin has made a comeback, along with a wide variety pharmaceutical opioids.

The danger of these drugs and their impact on our society is no secret. From addiction to overdoses, we are facing a problem that will not go away on its own. I don’t think that anyone has one answer to this issue: A real solution will have to come from different sources.

On March 1, at 7:00 p.m., Advent Lutheran Church and the Solon Police Department will be sponsoring a community “care-versation,” focusing on facing the opioid crisis together. Participants will include a variety of specialists, including Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner Dr. Thomas Gilson, Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner’s Office investigator Erin Worrell, Solon Fire Chief William Shaw, Cover2 founder Greg Mcneil, Safe Passages coordinator Nicole Walmsley, and Solon DARE Officer Joann Felton.

It is a group that includes a wide mix of participants, and that’s important because to deal with this problem it will take all of them. Even more importantly, it will take all of us.


Advent Lutheran Church is located at 5525 Harper Road, Solon, Ohio.

Building trust

by Jay Bender

With the holiday season in full swing, many of you will be spending considerably more time in stores, often with kids or grandkids in tow. And let’s be honest, most children would rather be doing anything  other than shopping with a grownup, which can lead to some frustrated outbursts or full-fledged tantrums. Dealing with upset children is one of the most challenging aspects of parenthood.

If you ask just about any cop, they’ll tell you about one parenting technique that usually falls a little flat: It’s when a parent uses you to frighten their children, often by pointing at a police officer in uniform and saying “If you don’t stop crying, that policeman is going to take you to jail!”

Now, a police officer must have a thick skin. We are often the target of vulgar tirades and threats, so while comments like this come with the uniform, there is a deeper issue here than some hurt feelings. When this happens to me, I usually will take a moment and talk directly to the child. I always say “Oh, I won’t take you to jail. We only take bad people to jail, and you’re good, right?” That’s usually met with a shy nod and some sniffles.

I don’t take that time because I want to feel better, but because I think it’s vital that children see police officers as people to be trusted, not feared. Within minutes of the encounter, that child could become lost in a crowded store or mall, or they might need a police officer for an emergency. Do you think that child will go to a person they fear? Or a person they trust?


Police and the Media: Part 2

by Bruce Felton

I have heard it said by those in the media that they offer a service; providing crucial information, exposing unfairness and abuses, providing educational programming.  This is true.  Yet it must be understood that modern media, in today’s forms, is still a business and driven by profit.  To be more accurate, it is about selling space that advertisers will want to buy.

That is not to say this is a bad thing; it is largely how our economy works.  Business looks to fill a demand by selling a service or commodity.  If the consumer displays a desire for a particular type of product or service, then a competent business will anticipate and look to fill that particular demand.  So if a demand arises for pink, purple polka-dotted widgets, then an astute business monitoring such trends will be ready to rise to the occasion by manufacturing and selling pink, purple polka-dotted widgets.

The news that we see and hear every day works much the same.  Many times I have heard others – and truth be told, listened to myself – complain about the content or delivery of the news.  Yet we still watch it.  We still tune in to that channel, that radio station, that website or blog.  We are the consumers creating the demand.  But instead of pink, purple polka-dotted widgets, we are creating a demand for news of a particular content and format.  We are largely creating the demand for the same news that we are complaining about.

Often the complaint about “the news” is followed by the resignation that nothing can be done about it, that we can’t control it.  But of course we can control it: We created it.  Maybe not overnight, maybe not definitively, but we can control it with our remotes, our keyboards, our radio dials, the papers and magazines we read.  We are all the consumers of the news, and it is ultimately we who control the demand.  If we want to change the “if it bleeds, it leads” atmosphere, we have to curb our appetite for the sensational and replace it with a desire for quality journalism.  There are certainly many talented journalists who sincerely wish to provide content that is useful, educational, and embodies the integrity that the SPJ Code of Ethics hopes to foster.  Let’s all work to create the environment that allows this to happen.

House Watches

by Jay Bender

One of the many services the Solon Police Department offers to our residents is the House Watch Program. Through the program, homeowners can fill out a form and turn it in at our station when they know they’ll be out of town or their house will be vacant.

Once the address is added to the list, our officers will periodically check the home and make sure it is secure. We try to get to each home at least once per shift, and we purposely keep the times random so anybody “casing” the house will have no idea when we might show up. It occasionally surprises neighbors when they see an officer getting out their patrol car, walking around a house and checking doors and windows. Some seem genuinely caught off guard to see that we actually “rattle the doorknobs.”

It’s not unusual for officers to find unsecured doors, left unlocked by homeowners eager to start their vacations, or even petsitters or neighbors. If there is access to the home, officers will contact the keyholder and enter to check the house for criminal activity. We’ve also found flooding, water line breaks and tree damage while doing these checks. While not criminal in nature, they are certainly important to the homeowner.

Again, it’s not the kind of service that gets headlines, but it’s still part of the job we do.

You can download the form from, under Forms. Once completed, turn the form in at the Solon Police Department, 33000 Solon Road.


Preventable crime

by Jay Bender

In police work, not every task is exciting or even interesting. Still, every job has a chance to help you look at things in new ways.

For example, I was recently tasked with reviewing and scanning tickets and test forms into the computer from out BAC Datamaster. The Datamaster is commonly referred to as a “breathalyzer,” which, as you know, is used to the determine the percentage of alcohol in a person’s system after they have been arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol.

As I went through the records, I started to think about how a drunk driving arrest can completely derail a life, any life. One of the aspects I noticed is that there was really no common denominator among the suspects. Ages ranged from the early 20s to the late 70s. Some suspects came from very affluent neighborhoods, and some did not. Some offenders registered blood alcohol contents just above the legal limit of .08, and many blew two or event three times that limit. Some were so intoxicated you might wonder how they could walk, let alone drive.

And even if that OVI offense injured nobody, the impact on the suspect will be immediate and costly. They will have to post bond to be released from jail, and they will have to appear in court, which will likely be only the first of many court appearances. For some, the court costs and fines are insignificant. For some, they will be insurmountable. For still others, it will be the embarrassment that hurts the most. Regardless, an arrest will affect you, and be assured that it can happen to you…it is not always somebody else from somewhere else!

What these arrests do have in common is that the crime in question is completely preventable with a simple formula: Don’t drink and drive. Even in extreme moderation, you are taking an unnecessary risk. In 24 years of police work, I’ve never met anybody who regretted NOT drinking.

Suiting up

by Jay Bender

What is all that stuff you carry? Doesn’t it get heavy?

These are probably two of the most common questions police officers are asked when we get the opportunity to participate in a community relations event. Usually, it’s the kids who want to know what is in all those mysterious pouches on our belts or vests. The grownups want to know about the weight.

In Solon, each patrol officer is required to wear body armor, pepper spray, an expandable baton, a radio, at least one pair of handcuffs, (most officers carry two,) and our duty sidearm, a Glock 22, .40 caliber with two spare magazines.

The rest of our loadout is optional, but some items are so ubiquitous they may as well be required. For example, no officer I know would even consider going on patrol without at least one pair of latex or nitrile gloves. Protective gloves can help us preserve evidence without contamination, and more importantly can help protect officers from bloodborne pathogens and dangerous illegal drugs that can be absorbed through the skin.

Most officers also carry some type of trauma packet that includes clotting sponge and tourniquet. A flashlight and a multi-tool or utility knife are also a good idea. My gear weighs in at approximately 17 pounds, which is probably about the average for our officers.

How often do we use what we carry? Like anybody who carries tools at work, we certainly don’t use every tool on every day. Many of these items will rest quietly in their pouch for weeks, months or even years before they are needed. But we carry them with us because when we need them, we need them RIGHT NOW! If we are very fortunate, there are some we will never need.

And yes, it gets heavy!





The Asphalt Scam

by Steve Wagner

Over the years, the City of Solon has encountered many types of scams. The most recent involves a work crew posing as a legitimate asphalt business. The scam has targeted businesses in Solon and the surrounding area as well as some residences.

Here is how the scam is run: A person posing as a “manager” or “supervisor” of an asphalt company will approach a business or residence and claim that they have leftover materials from a previous job and that they need to use up those materials. The “supervisor” claims that they will give a good deal to the business or residence should they use them. If the customer agrees to some work, the asphalt company will complete the work and will often do more than was agreed upon. When the work is complete they will then approach the customer and demand more money. The approach is often done with several males as an “intimidation factor.” A business recently paid out over $2,000 for unauthorized work done.

As with any company in the city, anyone doing any work or soliciting for business should have a valid City of Solon permit on hand. As a rule of thumb, one should also be suspicious of a company that solicits without a permit. I also personally never give my business to any company that I am not aware of and have not researched thoroughly. In addition, you should never give any personal information to someone who calls you or comes directly to your door.


By Jay Bender

I spent a few minutes on Monday morning searching for something in my locker.

It’s one of those small items that seems perpetually lost. It’s nothing special, really. Just a black elastic band with a thin blue line through the middle. It would be insignificant if its symbolism did not carry so much weight.

History is unclear as to when police officers began to cover their badges with a black band when we lose a fellow officer. Some believe it was a carryover from a time when people wore a black armband to signify they were in mourning. Other sources state it is based in heraldry, when a coat-of-arms would be draped in black to signify a family death. Regardless of the roots, we know what it means today: A police officer has died in the line of duty. I was once asked why my badge number was covered, and the person literally asked me what I was hiding. I patiently explained that we had lost a fellow police officer. I don’t remember who we had lost at that time, but I remember the encounter.

At Solon, the decision to cover our badges is made at the command staff level. The decision is made largely based on geography. If we covered our badges for every officer killed in the line of duty, everywhere in the United States, we would be in a perpetual state of mourning, and our badges would never be uncovered.

On October 21, 2017, Girard Police Officer Justin Leo was murdered while responding to a domestic disturbance. Leo’s partner returned fire, killing the suspect. As a profession, we will mourn him. We will send our volunteer honor guard to attend his funeral, and we will try to learn something, anything, from this tragedy.

By tradition, we will cover our badges until Officer Leo is laid to rest. And may that rest be peaceful.

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